Apa Manual Download Chapters

Posted : admin On 12/26/2021

Book by a single author

  1. Apa Format For Chapter Titles
  2. Apa Manual 6th Edition Pdf Free Download
  3. Apa Manual Download Chapters 1
  4. Apa Manual 2010 Pdf

Official Source for APA Style The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style. Widely Adopted With millions of copies sold worldwide in multiple languages, it is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing.

Author, A. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.


Pratt, C. (2007). The encyclopedia of shamanism. New York, New York: Rosen
Publishing Group, Inc.

Book by two or more authors

Author, A. A., & Author, D. D. (Year). Title of book.

  • When there are two or more authors, use an ampersand between the two authors or the last two authors and include a comma before the ampersand.


Hanson, R., & Mendius, R. (2009). Buddha’s brain: the practical neuroscience of
happiness, love and wisdom. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.

  • When the DOI number is included, the location and publisher are no longer included.


Matson, J. (2009). Social behavior and skills in children. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0234-4

Book by a group author with no DOI

Group author. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.


AmericanPsychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
  • When the group author is also the publisher, use the word Author for the publisher information. In this case, the author is an association so the American Psychological Association is listed as the author, and the word Author is listed as the publisher of the publication manual.
  • Since this is a print book with no DOI number, the location and publisher are included.

Book with DOI (Retrieved online)

See APA Style posting on books, reference books, and book chapters

Author, A. A., & Author, D. D. (Year). Title of book. doi:10.XXX.XXXXXXXX

When no author or publisher are mentioned, follow this format:

Title of book. (Year). doi:10.XXXXXXXXXXXXX



J. F. M., & Rozelle, S. (2009). Marx and Mao to the market: The economics and politics of agricultural transition. doi:10.1093/0199288917.001.0001


sullo stato dell'editoria in Italia 2007. (2007). doi:10.978.8889637/210


Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders(4th ed., text rev.). doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349.7060

  • When the DOI number is provided, the location and publisher is not provided.
  • The letters, doi, are not capitalized when used in the reference citation.
  • There is no period after the DOI number.
Apa manual download chapters pdf

Multivolume work.

Author, A. (Year). Title of multivolume work(Vol. volume number-s). Place of publication: Publisher. See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 204, #23



N. (Ed.). (2000-2004). How products are made: An illustrated guide to product manufacturing (Vols. 1-4). Detroit, MI: Gale Research.

Mill,L. (1996). Architecture of the Old South (Vols. 1-2). Savannah, GA: Beehive Foundation.
  • When the publication dates for a multivolume work extends to more than one year, list the year range. For example, (2000-2004).

Book, title translated into English, book translated

Include translator name after the title of the book.


Freud,S. (1911). The interpretation of dreams (3rd ed.). (A. A. Brill, Trans.). New York, NY: Kessinger.
  • If the non-English work is used as the source, give the title in the original language and put the translated title in English. For example, Die traumdeteun. [The interpretation of dreams].In the above example, the book was translated into English so the title in German was not included. See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 205, #28.

Two authors with same surname, published books

When there are two or more primary authors with the same surname, APA instructs to include the first author's initials in all text citations even if the year of publication is different. This is done to help prevent possible confusion by the reader. For example, A. Freud (1961) and S. Freud (1950) took ....


A. (1961). The ego and the mechanisms of defence (C. Baines, Trans.). London, England: Hogarth Press.

Freud,S. (1950). Beyond the pleasure principle (J. Strachey, Trans.). New York, NY: Liveright.

Book chapter in a volume within a book series

See APA (6th ed.), p. 204, #24

Guthrie,D. J. S. (2008). 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in the elucidation of peptide structure. In G. B. Irvine & C. H. Williams (Eds.), Methods in Molecular Biology: Vol. 73. Neuropeptide protocols (pp. 163-184). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. doi:10.1385/0-89603-399-6:163
  • The important words in the title of the book series are capitalized -- Methods in Molecular Biology, but the words in the the title of the specific volume only have the first word in the title and subtitle (if any) capitalized -- Neuropeptide protocols. Notice that there is a period after Vol. 73.
  • APA does not use superscript except for mathematics and science formula like at the beginning of the chapter title.
    (Credit: The majority of the examples on this page were taken from: http://nova.campusguides.com/content.php?pid=114919&sid=992738)
Table of Contents Supplemental Resources Introduction (PDF, 94KB)

Official Source for APA Style
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style.

Widely Adopted
With millions of copies sold worldwide in multiple languages, it is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields.

Authoritative and Easy to Use
Known for its authoritative, easy-to-use reference and citation system, the Publication Manual also offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures, language, and tone that will result in powerful, concise, and elegant scholarly communication.

Scholarly Writing
It guides users through the scholarly writing process—from the ethics of authorship to reporting research through publication.

Spiral-Bound Features
• Full color
• Easy-access sections with color-coded tabs
• Lies flat for easy handling

Paperback Features
• Full color
• Affordable
• Lightweight and travel friendly
Hardcover Features
• Full color
• Extra durable
• Shelf friendly

Rent or Buy

Rent or Buy

Ebook is available for purchase or rent from your choice of vendor.
Ebook Features
• Read anywhere

It is an indispensable resource for students and professionals to achieve excellence in writing and make an impact with their work.

7 Reasons Why Everyone Needs the 7th Edition of APA’s Bestselling Publication Manual

Guidelines for ethical writing and guidance on the publication process

Expanded student-specific resources; includes a sample paper

100+ new reference examples, 40+ sample tables and figures

New chapter on journal article reporting standards

Updated bias-free language guidelines; includes usage of singular “they”

What’s New in the 7th Edition?

Full Color
All formats are in full color, including the new tabbed spiral-bound version.

Easy to Navigate
Improved ease of navigation, with many additional numbered sections to help users quickly locate answers to their questions.

Best Practices
The Publication Manual (7th ed.) has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect best practices in scholarly writing and publishing.

New Student Resources
Resources for students on writing and formatting annotated bibliographies, response papers, and other paper types as well as guidelines on citing course materials.

Accessibility Guidelines
Guidelines that support accessibility for all users, including simplified reference, in-text citation, and heading formats as well as additional font options.

New-User Content
Dedicated chapter for new users of APA Style covering paper elements and format, including sample papers for both professional authors and student writers.

Journal Article Reporting Standards
New chapter on journal article reporting standards that includes updates to reporting standards for quantitative research and the first-ever qualitative and mixed methods reporting standards in APA Style.

Bias-Free Language Guidelines
New chapter on bias-free language guidelines for writing about people with respect and inclusivity in areas including age, disability, gender, participation in research, race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality.

100+ Reference Examples
More than 100 new reference examples covering periodicals, books, audiovisual media, social media, webpages and websites, and legal resources.

40+ New Sample Tables and Figures
More than 40 new sample tables and figures, including student-friendly examples such as a correlation table and a bar chart as well as examples that show how to reproduce a table or figure from another source.

Ethics Expanded
Expanded guidance on ethical writing and publishing practices, including how to ensure the appropriate level of citation, avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism, and navigate the publication process.

7th Edition Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures

Editorial Staff and Contributors


APA Style for Students
What’s New in the Seventh Edition?
Notes to Users

Types of Articles and Papers

1.2 Qualitative Articles
1.4 Replication Articles
1.6 Literature Review Articles
1.8 Methodological Articles
1.10 Student Papers, Dissertations, and Theses


Ensuring the Accuracy of Scientific Findings

1.12 Ethical and Accurate Reporting of Research Results
1.13 Errors, Corrections, and Retractions After Publication
1.15 Additional>

Required Elements

2.2 Student Paper Required Elements

Paper Elements

2.4 Title
2.6 Author Affiliation
2.8 Running Head
2.10 Keywords
2.12 Reference List
2.14 Appendices


2.16 Importance of Format
2.18 Page Header
2.20 Special Characters
2.22 Margins
2.24 Paragraph Indentation


2.26 Principles of Organization
2.28 Section Labels


Overview of Reporting Standards

3.2 Terminology Used in JARS

Common Reporting Standards Across Research Designs

3.4 Introduction Standards

Reporting Standards for Quantitative Research

3.5 Basic Expectations for Quantitative Research Reporting
3.7 Quantitative Results Standards
3.9 Additional Reporting Standards for Typical Experimental and Nonexperimental Studies
3.11 Standards for Analytic Approaches

Reporting Standards for Qualitative Research

3.13 Basic Expectations for Qualitative Research Reporting
3.15 Qualitative Findings or Results Standards
3.17 Qualitative Meta-Analysis Standards

Reporting Standards for Mixed Methods Research

3.18 Basic Expectations for Mixed Methods Research Reporting


Continuity and Flow

4.2 Transitions

Conciseness and Clarity

4.4 Importance of Conciseness and Clarity
4.6 Sentence and Paragraph Length
4.8 Contractions and Colloquialisms
4.10 Logical Comparisons



4.12 Verb Tense
4.14 Mood


4.16 First- Versus Third-Person Pronouns
4.18 Singular “They”
4.19 Pronouns for People and Animals (“Who” vs. “That”)
4.20 Pronouns as Subjects and Objects (“Who” vs. “Whom”)
4.21 Pronouns in Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses (“That” vs. “Which”)

Sentence Construction

4.23 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

Strategies to Improve Your Writing

4.25 Reading to Learn Through Example
4.27 Rereading the Draft
4.29 Working With Copyeditors and Writing Centers
5. Bias-Free Language Guidelines

General Guidelines for Reducing Bias

5.1 Describe at the Appropriate Level of Specificity

Reducing Bias by Topic

5.3 Age
5.5 Gender
5.7 Racial and Ethnic Identity
5.9 Socioeconomic Status
6. Mechanics of Style


6.2 Period
6.4 Semicolon
6.6 Dash
6.8 Parentheses
6.10 Slash


6.12 Hyphenation


6.14 Proper Nouns and Trade Names
6.16 Diseases, Disorders, Therapies, Theories, and Related Terms
6.18 Titles of Tests and Measures
6.20 Names of Conditions or Groups in an Experiment


6.22 Use of Italics


6.24 Use of Abbreviations
6.26 Format of Abbreviations
6.28 Time Abbreviations
6.30 Chemical Compound Abbreviations


6.32 Numbers Expressed in Numerals
6.34 Combining Numerals and Words to Express Numbers
6.36 Decimal Fractions
6.38 Commas in Numbers

Statistical and Mathematical Copy

6.40 Selecting Effective Presentation
6.42 Formulas
6.44 Statistical Symbols and Abbreviations
6.45 Spacing, Alignment, and Punctuation for Statistics

Presentation of Equations

6.47 Displayed Equations
6.48 Preparing Statistical and Mathematical Copy for Publication


6.50 Lettered Lists
6.52 Bulleted Lists

General Guidelines for Tables and Figures

7.2 Design and Preparation of Tables and Figures
7.4 Formatting Tables and Figures
7.6 Placement of Tables and Figures


7.8 Principles of Table Construction
7.10 Table Numbers
7.12 Table Headings
7.14 Table Notes
7.16 Confidence Intervals in Tables
7.18 Long or Wide Tables
7.20 Table Checklist



7.22 Principles of Figure Construction
7.24 Figure Numbers
7.26 Figure Images
7.28 Figure Notes
7.30 Photographs
7.31 Considerations for Electrophysiological, Radiological, Genetic, and Other Biological Data
7.33 Radiological (Imaging) Data
7.35 Figure Checklist


8. Works Credited in the Text

General Guidelines for Citation

8.2 Plagiarism
8.4 Correspondence Between Reference List and Text
8.5 Use of the Published Version or Archival Version

Works Requiring Special Approaches to Citation

8.7 Interviews
8.9 Personal Communications

In-Text Citations

8.11 Parenthetical and Narrative Citations
8.13 Citing Specific Parts of a Source
8.15 Translated, Reprinted, Republished, and Reissued Dates
8,16 Omitting the Year in Repeated Narrative Citations
8.17 Number of Authors to Include in In-Text Citations
8.19 Works With the Same Author and Same Date
8.21 Abbreviating Group Authors
8.22 General Mentions of Websites, Periodicals, and Common Software and Apps

Paraphrases and Quotations

8.24 Long Paraphrases
8.26 Short Quotations (Fewer Than 40 Words)
8.28 Direct Quotation of Material Without Page Numbers
8.30 Changes to a Quotation Requiring No Explanation
8.32 Quotations That Contain Citations to Other Works
8.33 Quotations That Contain Material Already in Quotation Marks
8.34 Permission to Reprint or Adapt Lengthy Quotations
8.36 Quotations From Research Participants

Reference Categories

Apa Format For Chapter Titles

9.2 Using the Webpages and Websites Reference Category

Principles of Reference List Entries

9.4 Four Elements of a Reference
9.6 Accuracy and Consistency in References



9.8 Format of the Author Element
9.10 Identification of Specialized Roles
9.12 No Author


9.14 Format of the Date Element
9.16 Retrieval Dates


9.18 Definition of Title
9.20 Series and Multivolume Works
9.22 No Title


9.24 Format of the Source Element
9.26 Online Periodicals With Missing Information
9.28 Edited Book Chapter and Reference Work Entry Sources
9.30 Database and Archive Sources
9.32 Social Media Sources
9.34 When to Include DOIs and URLs
9.36 DOI or URL Shorteners

Reference Variations

9.38 Works in Another Language
9.40 Reprinted Works
9.42 Religious and Classical Works

Reference List Format and Order

9.44 Order of Works in the Reference List
9.46 Order of Multiple Works by the Same First Author
9.47 Order of Works With the Same Author and Same Date
9.48 Order of Works by First Authors With the Same Surname
9.49 Order of Works With No Author or an Anonymous Author
9.51 Annotated Bibliographies
10. Reference Examples

Author Variations

Date Variations

Title Variations

Source Variations

Textual Works

10.2 Books and Reference Works
10.3 Edited Book Chapters and Entries in Reference Works
10.5 Conference Sessions and Presentations

Apa Manual 6th Edition Pdf Free Download

10.7 Reviews
10.8 Unpublished Works and Informally Published Works

Data Sets, Software, and Tests

10.10 Computer Software, Mobile Apps, Apparatuses, and Equipment

Audiovisual Media

10.12 Audiovisual Works
10.14 Visual Works

Online Media

10.16 Webpages and Websites

General Guidelines for Legal References

11.2 General Forms

Legal Reference Examples

11.4 Cases or Court Decisions
11.6 Legislative Materials
11.8 Patents
11.10 Treaties and International Conventions

Preparing for Publication

12.1 Adapting a Dissertation or Thesis Into a Journal Article
12.3 Prioritizing Potential Journals

Understanding the Editorial Publication Process

12.5 Editorial Publication Process
12.7 Peer Review Process

Manuscript Preparation

Apa Manual Download Chapters 1

12.9 Preparing the Manuscript for Submission
12.11 Writing a Cover Letter
12.13 Certifying Ethical Requirements

Copyright and Permission Guidelines

12.14 General Guidelines for Reprinting or Adapting Materials
12.15 Materials That Require Copyright Attribution
12.17 Permission and Fair Use

During and After Publication

12.19 Article Proofs
12.21 Open Access Deposit Policies
12.23 Sharing Your Article Online
Back Matter

Credits for Adapted Tables, Figures, and Papers


Apa Manual 2010 Pdf